Original languages resources

Free resources to study God's Word in the original:

(use with discretion; we cannot vouch for the content available at all links, especially in resources that cycle/vary)

Luther, on why we must study Scripture in the original


The text itself:

The Hebrew text itself with parsing and simple definitions-- perhaps your best bet.
Its Greek counterpart.

The Hebrew text itself, with simple definitions that follow your mouse.
Its Greek counterpart (no breathing marks or accents).

Best source from which to copy OT Hebrew/Aramaic text-- the Westminster Leningrad Codex.

Some help is also available at the BibleWeb App, the NET Bible and Blue Letter Bible sites. 

Help with Old Testament Hebrew and Aramaic:

Index and helps for "Let's Study Hebrew" by Thomas Nass

Grammar resources compiled in 2008 by an ELCA Seminary professor (some broken links)

A 244-page Hebrew grammar in .pdf format, compiled by a professor at the University of Toronto

A recent Aramaic grammar in .pdf format from a professor of Hebrew and Aramaic at the University of Michigan

The new, not-yet-published Semantic Dictionary of Biblical Hebrew.

The venerable Brown-Driver-Briggs lexicon.

The venerable Gesenius-Kautzsch-Cowley grammar.

Other older but still valuable lexica

Help with NT variants:

Thorough textual commentary on variants in Matthew, Mark, Luke and John

A simplified, no-Greek guide to significant variants in the whole New Testament, based on UBS3 

Dates and locations of New Testament manuscripts

The most important NT manuscripts in chart form, by date and locale

More help:

Free Logos 5 engine

Probably the best free Bible software to download, with Greek and Hebrew and many possible add-ons.
A comparable free Bible program.

More online lexicons for biblical studies

A simple guide to diagramming

Exegetical worksheets with questions on the weekly Gospels, from Concordia Seminary, Fort Wayne using the Lutheran Service Book lectionary, so sometimes different from our synod's Christian Worship lectionary; not available in summer and other times of the year)

Help specifically with NT participles:

The participle in the Greek New Testament, by Daniel B. Wallace. This is the complete chapter on participles (pages 613-55) from Wallace's Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the NT (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996). Participles are one of the keys to Koine Greek.

A "what kind of participle is this?" flow chart and related materials.

Audio help:

Book-by-book .mp3 recordings of the Hebrew bible (listen to your OT sermon text)

Weekly help, in 20-minute recordings, with the exegesis of your OT or Gospel text, from Concordia Seminary, Saint Louis (using the Lutheran Service Book lectionary, so sometimes different from the CW lectionary) 



When free isn't enough:

Three expensive Bible programs dominate the market (Accordance, BibleWorks and Logos).

In 2006, John Glynn wrote a review comparing the three in terms of luxury cars.

  • Accordance, he said, is a Porsche, built for speed and drivability;
  • BibleWorks is a Mercedes, and
  • Logos is a Cadillac (for library size and bells and whistles).

To your author, years later, it looks this way:

  • Accordance is the top-of-the-line Mercedes sedan (roomier, still very high-performance),
  • BibleWorks is a Lexus sports car (most speedy/nimble) and
  • Logos is a Hummer limousine (huge capacity, very high performance, adding features).
Note: Your author can't fix his Corolla, but all of these programs can be customized and tweaked to fit your needs; notes and hyperlinks are easy to add in various ways.

Also, Accordance and Logos surpass BibleWorks in connecting to an iPhone or iPod Touch or iPad.

Accordance and Logos also have optional textual apparatus modules from the German Bible Society (BHS, BHQ, UBS3/4, N-A 27/28). BibleWorks has the CNTTS apparatus with far more NT detail than what the German Bible Society offers.

All the programs are expensive, but BibleWorks is the most reasonable (in 2014, $571, including the $212 optional BDAG/HALOT module).

A late 2012 review comparing all three programs.

System requirements for each program:


Many more links and much more detail about these matters:

Tyndale Tech blog and Bible and Tech blog (more frequent posts)

"Jesus, who was crucified ... he has risen, just as he said." ~ Matthew 28:5-6