Original languages resources

Free resources to study God's Word in the original:

(use with discretion; we cannot vouch for the content available at all links, especially in resources that cycle/vary)

Luther, on why we must study Scripture in the original


The text itself:

Hebrew / Aramaic / Greek, with parsing and simple definitions that follow your mouse 

You can also get some help from the Westminster Leningrad Codex, Next Bible and Blue Letter Bible sites. 

Help with Old Testament Hebrew and Aramaic:

Grammar resources compiled by an ELCA Seminary professor

A recent downloadable Hebrew grammar:

  • and a 244-page Hebrew grammar in .pdf format, available until a publisher publishes it (2011?), compiled by a professor at the University of Toronto

A recent Aramaic grammar in .pdf format from a professor of Hebrew and Aramaic at the University of Michigan

The new, not-yet-published Semantic Dictionary of Biblical Hebrew.

The venerable Brown-Driver-Briggs lexicon.

The venerable Gesenius-Kautzsch-Cowley grammar.

Other older but still valuable lexica

Help with NT variants:

Thorough textual commentary on variants in Matthew, Mark, Luke and John

A simplified, no-Greek guide to significant variants in the whole New Testament, based on UBS3 

Dates and locations of New Testament manuscripts

The most important NT manuscripts in chart form, by date and locale

More help:

Free Libronix search engine with King James Version and several related books from Thomas Nelson; use this with Wisconsin Lutheran Seminary's dogmatics notes, available at minimal cost in Libronix format from the WLS bookstore

Probably the best free Bible software to download, with Greek and Hebrew and many possible add-ons.

More online lexicons for biblical studies

A simple guide to diagramming

Exegetical worksheets with questions on the weekly Gospels, from Concordia Seminary, Fort Wayne using the Lutheran Service Book lectionary, so sometimes different from our synod's Christian Worship lectionary; not available in summer and other times of the year)

Help specifically with NT participles:

The participle in the Greek New Testament, by Daniel B. Wallace. This is the complete chapter on participles (pages 613-55) from Wallace's Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the NT (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996). Participles are one of the keys to Koine Greek.

A "what kind of participle is this?" flow chart.

Audio help:

Book-by-book .mp3 recordings of the Hebrew bible (listen to your OT sermon text)

Weekly help, in 20-minute recordings, with the exegesis of your OT or Gospel text, from Concordia Seminary, Saint Louis (using the Lutheran Service Book lectionary, so sometimes different from the CW lectionary) 



When free isn't enough:

Thorough comparative reviews of the three expensive Bible programs dominating the market (Accordance, BibleWorks and Logos):

In 2006, John Glynn wrote a review comparing the three in terms of luxury cars.

  • Accordance, he said, is a Porsche, built for speed and drivability;
  • BibleWorks is a Mercedes, and
  • Logos is a Cadillac (for library size and bells and whistles).

In 2010, to your author, it looks this way:

  • Accordance is the top-of-the-line Mercedes sedan (roomier, still very high-performance),
  • BibleWorks is a Lexus sports car (most speedy/nimble) and
  • Logos is a Hummer limousine (huge capacity, very high performance, adding features).

Note: Your author can't fix his Corolla, but all of these programs can be customized and tweaked to fit your needs; notes and hyperlinks are easy to add in various ways.

Also, Logos surpasses Accordance and BibleWorks in connecting to an iPhone or iPod Touch or iPad; Accordance is working on adding this feature.

System requirements for each program:


Many more links and much more detail about these matters:

Tyndale Tech blog and Bible and Tech blog (more frequent posts)

"Jesus, who was crucified ... he has risen, just as he said." ~ Matthew 28:5-6